Woven Sharee and our culture!
The phrase "woman in sari" seems to analyze a Bengali woman. At one time the main garment of Bengali women was hand-woven sari.
Many archeological specimens of Bengal and the Indian subcontinent prove how popular the demand and circulation of loom sarees was in Bengal. Folklore has it that the Tangail region of Bangladesh was the birthplace of his sari. And the weavers of the 'Basak' community of that region were known as the original weavers.
Weaving saris collected from various markets in Tangail used to reach Kolkata, the largest market in the subcontinent at that time, in the hands of West Bengal traders. And thus the popularity of weaving sarees increased in the Indian subcontinent. However, according to history, the Mughals played a very good role as patrons in the development of weaving sarees.
The word weaving comes from the Sanskrit word "fiber". At that time ordinary bamboo and wood were used to make loom machines. Natural material was separated from cotton into fiber or fibers and converted into yarn. Weaving sari was woven in a home-made machine with that yarn.
All the weavers do the dyeing, warping and shaping of the yarns by hand without any touch of technology. There are different types of weaving machines nowadays. Pitlum or hole loom, frameloom, waist loom, Chittaranjan or Japanese loom etc. are notable among them. 'Pitlum' is also called the original loom due to its antiquity. Moreover, the popular Jamdani sari of that time was made in Pitlum loom. The use of 'Powerloom' has increased in recent times.
Considering all the weaving techniques and finesse of the fabric, it can take one day for a sari, two days for a sari and even a month depending on the work. Besides the texture, the design of the sari is also quite interesting. Some fabrics are also designed with different geometric shapes, flowers, birds, herbs, peacocks, or rural lifestyles.
Jamdani, Baluchari, Soft Silk, Hafsilk, Hazarbuti, Than, Benarsi, Suti Par, Katki, Swarnachur, Anarkali, Devdas, Kumkum, etc. and sari of common name are made in different factories of Tangail. When it comes to weaving cloth, one name that comes to mind is 'Dhakai' sari. Dhakai sarees are still famous for their skill in fine yarn work and weaving techniques. Jamdani is notable among them. Also another design famous for its Bangladeshi design is 'Benarsi' or Dhakai Katan. Another famous weaver's sari in our country is 'Pabna sari'. This sari was woven by Muslim weavers in Pabna-Sirajganj region. The price is also lower as it is relatively less designed than Tangail saree. Due to this, this sari is more popular among the women of lower and lower-middle class families.
Murshidabad in West Bengal saw the emergence of a specially woven sari in the last half of the eighteenth century. Its name was 'Baluchari'. However, this sari became extinct in the early twentieth century. But where it was not easy to make special designs on looms, silk fabrics like Baluchari-sari became very popular. Now 'Baluchari' sari is made by jacquard machine.
Tangail's weaved sari is the most popular in terms of design, weaving and price. Sarees have different prices due to different names and quality.
Nowadays, due to the advancement of technology, weavers no longer weave clothes in the loom machine sitting at home as before. Many migrate to urban areas in search of a better life. But the hope is that various cottage industries and fashion houses are now emphasizing on weaving cloth day by day. One of the traditions of our Bengalis is showing the specialty of weaving cloth to the buyers. On the first day of Boishakh or various puja festivals or any special event, women are now leaning on the loom sari day by day. And the credit goes to the fashion houses of the city. More importantly, online business is a popular topic these days. Online is the medium for direct buyer-seller relationship at home. Now online traders are also emphasizing on weaving cloth as a domestic product. Which will be considered as auspicious for our domestic products in the coming days.
Weaving cloth and sari must be on the list of clothes worn by a Bengali woman. Increasing the use of our country's products will help introduce our domestic apparel sector to the world. So give priority to weaving products considering the flexibility, design, weaving etc. of the fabric. Give preference to loom sari along with other garments.
you will always find new designs and various colors of woven sari.